Keywords: hand sanitizer, ethanol, alcohol (PubMed Search)
Most hand sanitizers contain ethanol, while some contain isopropyl alcohol. The concentration of alcohol in these products varies from 45% to 95%, with the most commonly used products containing 62%. How much would a 15 kg child have to ingest to obtain a blood alcohol concentration of 100 mg/dL (or 0.1%)?
Assuming a volume of distribution of 0.6 L/kg and 100% bioavailability, only 15-20 mL is required to produce this toxic level. That is equivalent to 3-4 teaspoons or approximately 8-10 “squirts” of hand sanitizer!