Keywords: prepubertal vaginal bleeding, mass (PubMed Search)
- Urethral prolapse will appear as a protrusion of the distal urethra through the urinary meatus causing a “doughnut” sign.
- Risk factors include trauma, UTI, anatomical differences, and increased intraabdoiminal pressure from cough or constipation. There is a higher incidence in people of African descent.
- The chief complaint may include urethral mass and vaginal bleeding.
- There is a bimodal age distribution (prepuberty and postmetapause) due to a relative estrogen deficiency.
-Treatment is with estrogen cream and sitz baths for 4- 6 weeks.
McCaskill A, Inabinet C, Tomlin K et al. Prepubertal Genital Bleeding: Examination and Differential Diagnosis in Pediatric Female Patients. The Journal of Emergency Medicine 2018; 55(4): 97-100.