Keywords: kratom, adverse effects, poison center data (PubMed Search)
Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) has been used for centuries in Southeast Asia to manage pain and opium withdrawal. It is increasingly being used in the U.S. for similar purpose. The U.S. DEA lists Kratom as a “drug of concern”.
Effects of Kratom leaves
A study reviewed National Poison Data System (2011 to 2017) to evaluate the clinical effects/outcomes of Kratom exposure.
Finding: (N=1807; single-substance: 1174; multiple-substance: 633])
Sara Post, Henry A. Spiller, Thitphalak Chounthirath & Gary A. Smith (2019): Kratom exposures reported to United States poison control centers: 2011–2017, Clinical Toxicology, DOI: 10.1080/15563650.2019.1569236