Category: Critical Care
Keywords: endotracheal intubation, cardiac arrest, airway, respiratory failure (PubMed Search)
Although the data is limited, current published rates of in-hospital, non-operating room peri-intubation cardiac arrest (PICA) range from 2 to 6%.1,2,3
Several risk factors associated with PICA have been identified and include:
Other common findings:
Bottom Line: Endotracheal intubation is one of the riskiest procedures we regularly perform as emergency physicians.
1. Heffner AC, Swords DS, Neale MN, Jones AE. Inicidence and factors associated with cardiac arrest complicating emergency airway management. Resuscitation. 2013; 84(11):1500-4.
2. Kim WY, Kwak MK, Ko BS, et al. Factors associated with the occurrence of cardiac arrest after emergency tracheal intubation in the emergency department. PLoS One. 2011; 9(11):e112779.
3. Wardi G, Villar J, Nguyen T, et al. Factors and outcomes associated with inpatient cardiac arrest following emergent endotracheal intubation. Resuscitation. 2017; 121:76-80.