UMEM Educational Pearls

Category: Orthopedics

Title: Sesamoid Injuries

Keywords: Foot pain, stress fractures (PubMed Search)

Posted: 2/28/2015 by Brian Corwell, MD
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Sesamoid Injuries

The first MTP joint contains the 2 sesamoid bones. They play a significant part in the proper functioning of the great toe. 30% of individuals have a bipartite medial or lateral sesamoid.

Injury can occur from trauma, stress fracture or sprain of the sesamoid articulation or of the sesamoid metatarsal articulation. Overuse injuries tend to occur in sports with a great deal of forefoot loading (basketball/tennis).

SXs: Pain with weight bearing, pain with movement of first MTP, ambulation on lateral part of foot.

PE: Tenderness and swelling over medial or lateral sesamoid. Resisted plantar flexion (flexor hallucis) reveals pain and weakness.

Imaging: plain film with sesamoid view to assess for a sesamoid fracture. Stress fractures may take 3-4 weeks to show on plain film.

Treatment for fractures and suspected stress fractures involve 4 to 6 weeks of non weight bearing.