UMEM Educational Pearls

Category: Cardiology

Title: SVT and troponin

Keywords: troponin, supraventricular tachycardia, svt, dysrhythmia, tachydysrhythmia, tachycardia (PubMed Search)

Posted: 9/11/2011 by Amal Mattu, MD
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SVT is rarely, if ever, the presenting rhythm associated with an acute MI. As a result, physicians should not feel compelled to send troponin levels and perform rule-outs purely based on an SVT presentation. Instead, the decision to rule out a patient presenting with SVT should be based on whether there is a constellation of other concerning symptoms, exclusive of the SVT (e.g. if the patient presented with chest pressure radiating down the arm and diaphoresis, in addition to the SVT).

Two recent studies confirmed that routine troponin testing in patients with SVT is extremely low-yield, and instead often produces false-positive troponin results that lead to unnecessary admissions and workups. In other words, mild troponin elevations may occur in SVT but they do not correlate with true ACS.


Bukkapatnam RN, Robinson M, Turnipseed S, et al. Relationship of myocardial ischemia and injury to coronary artery disease in patients with supraventricular tachycardia. Am J Cardiol 2010;106:374-377.

Carlbert DJ, Tsuchitani S, Barlotta KS, et al. Serum troponin testing in patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia: outcome after ED care. Am J Emerg Med 2011;29:545-548.