UMEM Educational Pearls

Category: Critical Care

Title: Defining AKI

Posted: 1/19/2010 by Mike Winters, MBA, MD (Updated: 6/15/2024)
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Defining Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

  • In the pearl from 1/5/10, I highlighted the association of AKI with increased morbidity and mortality in the critically ill along with the avoidance of nephrotoxic medications.
  • Currently, two sets of criteria (RIFLE and AKIN) can be used to identify patients with AKI
  • According to AKIN, the current diagnostic criteria for AKI is:
    • an absolute increase in serum creatinine > 0.3 mg/dL OR
    • a > 50% increase in serum creatinine from patient baseline OR
    • urine output < 0.5 ml/kg/hr for > 6 hours
  • For the critically ill ED patient, the most common causes of AKI include sepsis, hypovolemia, medications, trauma, rhabdomyolysis, obstruction and abdominal compartment syndrome

References

Dennen P, Douglas IS, Anderson R. Acute kidney injury in the intensive care unit: An update and primer for the intensivist. Crit Care Med 2010; 38:261-27