Keywords: amlodipine, non-dihydropyridines, high-dose insulin (PubMed Search)
Calcium channel blocker (CCB) overdose can lead to severe shock/hypotension. A small study was conducted to compare the hemodynamic effects of high-dose insulin (HDI) for two classes of CCB (dihydropyridines vs. non-dihydropyridines) that work differently to manage hypertension.
Median number of maximum concomitant vasopressors (p=0.04)
Median difference in max concomitant vasopressors: 1 (95% CI: 0 – 2)
Median max epinephrine dosing
Use of rescue methylene blue (p=0.009)
Cole JB, Lee SC, Prekker ME, Kunzler NM, Considine KA, Driver BE, Puskarich MA, Olives TD. Vasodilation in patients with calcium channel blocker poisoning treated with high-dose insulin: a comparison of amlodipine versus non-dihydropyridines. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2022 Nov;60(11):1205-1213. doi: 10.1080/15563650.2022.2131565. Epub 2022 Oct 25. PMID: 36282196.