Category: Critical Care
Keywords: Hypothermia, Cardiac Arrest, TTM (PubMed Search)
The debate around post-arrest management recently has revolved around whether therapeutic hypothermia should go cold, or LESS cold. But what if we went MORE cold? While recent TTM trials have compared temps such as 33 to 36 and 33 to 37.5 or less, a recent trial called CAPITAL CHILL looked at 34C vs 31C. There is a solid physiologic basis for cooling post-arrest patients, so do they do better if we lower their temp even further? Maybe we're not going cold enough with 33?
Bottom Line: No, 31C is not better than 34C for post-arrest patients. This study compared death and poor neurologic outcome at 180 days with 31 and 34C targets for post-arrest patients, and found no difference (in fact the 31C group did slightly, but not significantly, worse on the primary outcome, and worse on a few secondary outcomes).
While debate remains for 33 vs 36 vs afebrile, the literature does not currently support consideration of temps below 33.
Le May M, Osborne C, Russo J, So D, Chong AY, Dick A, Froeschl M, Glover C, Hibbert B, Marquis JF, De Roock S, Labinaz M, Bernick J, Marshall S, Maze R, Wells G. Effect of Moderate vs Mild Therapeutic Hypothermia on Mortality and Neurologic Outcomes in Comatose Survivors of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: The CAPITAL CHILL Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2021 Oct 19;326(15):1494-1503. doi: 10.1001/jama.2021.15703. PMID: 34665203; PMCID: PMC8527358.