Category: Critical Care
Keywords: COVID-19, ARDS, Pneumonia, Steroids (PubMed Search)
Another week, another COVID-19 study...
On August 12th, the Metcovid study was e-published ahead of print in Clinical Infectious Diseases. This was another study looking at steroids in COVID-19 pneumonia, this time performed in Brazil. Metcovid was a parallel, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase IIb clinical trial which enrolled 416 patients at a single academic center for the evaluation of methylprednisolone (MP; 0.5 mg/kg BID x 5 days) vs placebo. As with all COVID studies, Metcovid has some significant limitations, and some equivocal findings. However, Metcovid was largely in line with RECOVERY and other trials looking at steroids in COVID-19, which lends it some face validity. Metcovid found no significant difference in the primary outcome (mortality at day 28), but did find a difference in mortality in patients over 60 years old (a post-hoc analysis). Metcovid was probably underpowered (sample size was based on a 50% reduction in mortality), and did have a very small trend towards reduced mortality in the MP group (37.1% vs 38.2%, p=0.629).