Category: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Keywords: vancomycin, loading dose, nephrotoxicity (PubMed Search)
Posted: 3/24/2016 by Bryan Hayes, PharmD
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Guidelines recommend loading doses of vancomycin (15-20 mg/kg, up to 30 mg/kg in critically ill patients), but the risk of nephrotoxicity is unknown. A new retrospective cohort study aimed to compare nephrotoxicity in ED sepsis patients who received vancomycin at high doses (>20 mg/kg) versus lower doses (20 mg/kg).
What They Found
1,330 patients had three SCr values assessed for the primary outcome
High-dose initial vancomycin was actually associated with a lower rate of nephrotoxicity (5.8% vs 11.1%)
After adjusting for age, gender, and initial SCr, the risk of high dose vancomycin compared to low dose was decreased for the development of nephrotoxicity (RR=0.60; 95% CI: 0.44, 0.82)
Application to Clinical Practice
It appears initial loading doses of vancomcyin > 20 mg/kg do not cause increased risk of nephrotoxicity.
Rosini JM, et al. High single-dose vancomycin loading is not associated with increased nephrotoxicity in emergency department sepsis patients. Acad Emerg Med. 2016 Feb 6. Epub ahead of print. [PMID 26850378]
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