Keywords: lead poisoning, children (PubMed Search)
Lead is a ubiquitous metal in the environment partly due to decades of using leaded gasoline (organic lead) and lead-based paint (inorganic lead). Outside of occupational exposure, children are disproportionately affected from environmental lead exposure.
Common route of exposure are:
Majority of the absorbed lead are stored in bone (years) > soft tissue (months) > blood (30-40 days) (half-life). Thus blood lead level does not accurately reflect the true body lead burden.
Incidence of elevated blood lead level (EBLL > 5 microgram/dL) in children increased from 2.9 to 4.9% in Flint, MI before and after water source change. In the area with the highest water lead level, the incidence increased by 6.6%.
Clinical manifestation in children
Typical blood lead level (microgm/dL)
> 70 – 100
Mild to moderate
50 – 70
Evaluation for lead poisoning
Management of children with EBLL