Category: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Keywords: vancomycin, loading dose (PubMed Search)
Posted: 1/26/2015 by Bryan Hayes, PharmD
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We know vancomycin should be dosed based on weight rather than the default 1 gm dose so many patients receive. A past Academic Life in EM post explores the nuances of proper vancomycin dosing. But do higher loading doses in the ED actually lead to more therapeutic trough levels?
A new randomized trial compared ED patients receiving 30 mg/kg initial doses vs. 15 mg/kg.  There was a significantly greater proportion of patients reaching target trough levels of 15 mg/L at 12 hours among the patients who received a 30 mg/kg loading dose as compared with a traditional 15 mg/kg dose (34% vs 3%, P < 0.01). This study did not use a max dose of 2 gm. They included patients up to 120 kg who received 3.6 gm loading doses! Patients with creatinine clearance < 50 mL/min were excluded. There was no difference in incidence of nephrotoxicity between the groups.
Application to Clinical Practice
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