Keywords: Stroke, Score, MRI (PubMed Search)
Posted: 7/9/2014 by Danya Khoujah, MBBS
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In patients presenting to the ER with a TIA (transient ischemic attack), the classic teaching has been to calculate their ABCD2 score (age, blood pressure, clinical features, duration of episode and diabetes) to determine their risk of developing a stroke.
The problem is, a moderate-to-high ABCD2 score is sensitive (86%) but not specific (35%) for a stroke in 7 days.
The solution: Combining imaging data with the scoring system!
The presence of an acute infarct on a diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in a patient with an ABCD2 score of 4 or more carries the highest risk of stroke, at 14.9% at 7 days. On the other hand, a negative DWI predicts a 0-2% stroke risk at 7 days irrelevant of the ABCD2 score.
Panagos P D. Transiet Ischemic Attacks (TIA): the initial diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. AJEM (2012) 30: 794-799
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