Category: Critical Care
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rapidly progressive bacterial infection of the fascia with secondary necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue. In severe cases, the underlying muscle (i.e., myositis) may be affected.
Risk factors for NF include immunosuppression (e.g., transplant patients), HIV/AIDS, diabetes, etc.
There are three categories of NF:
In the early stage of disease, diagnosis may be difficult; the physical exam sometimes does not reflect the severity of disease. Labs may be non-specific, but CT or MRI is important to diagnose and define the extent of the disease when planning surgical debridement.
Treatment should be aggressive and started as soon as the disease is suspected; this includes:
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