UMEM Educational Pearls

Category: Vascular

Title: Complications of Acute Aortic Dissection

Keywords: Aortic Dissection (PubMed Search)

Posted: 6/20/2011 by Rob Rogers, MD (Updated: 6/24/2024)
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There are several complications of acute aortic dissection that emergency physicians must be familiar with.

These include:

  • Cardiac tamponade (most common cause of death)
  • Acute aortic regurgitation
  • Stroke
  • Free intrathoracic rupture
  • Malperfusion syndrome (kidney, spinal cord, bowel, extremity, etc.)

*Key Pearl: If a patient with suspected or confirmed acute aortic dissection suddenly arrests consider cardiac tamponade.